Conceptualizing versus Calculating on the GMAT

March 9, 2011
Bret Ruber

On the GMAT quantitative section, with only about two minutes per question, it is essential that you are able to determine when you actually NEED to calculate an answer, and when you can get to the answer through conceptualization.  Extensive calculations take time and provide more opportunities for errors.  This does not mean you should never work out the math – on many problems you will need to do so.  But it does mean that you want to be able to identify the problems that CAN be solved conceptually.

Data sufficiency problems are the first place to look to avoid calculations.  Because data sufficiency problems do not ask you to solve, but rather ask you to determine if you are ABLE to solve, you can often determine if a statement is sufficient without working out all of the math.  For example, if you are asked for the average, and a statement tells you the sum of terms and the number of terms, you do not need to actually figure out the average to say that the statement is sufficient.

You can also use conceptualization on problem solving questions in which the answer choices are very far apart.  If you can eliminate many of the answer choices because they are clearly too big or too small you can choose the remaining answer choice without doing any calculations.  And since the GMAT is adaptive, and continues to get more challenging as you perform better, everyone WILL get stuck on a problem at some point in time, that is the nature of the exam.  So if you are stuck, or know you don’t have the time to do a lengthy calculation that you’re not sure is the correct approach anyway, there will be times that you’ll want to use strategic guessing, which can include conceptualizing a word problem, and move on, saving your time for a problem that you are better able to complete correctly.

By looking out for problems in which you can get to the answer without laborious calculations, you will save time and avoid situations in which you can make costly calculation errors and, thus, raise your score.  Click here for the Kaplan video on Conceptualization vs. Calculation.

Bret Ruber Bret has been teaching for Kaplan since 2005, and has helped over 1000 students with their GMAT preparation. He spent three years teaching in Manhattan, where he served as an Elite Teacher and a full-time instructor, before moving to London, where he is now the GMAT Master Teacher for Kaplan’s London Center. As the GMAT Master Teacher, Bret trains, observes and mentors teachers, in addition to continuing his own teaching and tutoring, and has taught courses across Europe, including Italy, Ireland, and Germany. Bret contributes to Kaplan’s GMAT curriculum on an on-going basis, and was also a contributor to Kaplan's 2010 GMAT course.

About Kaplan Test Prep

We know test prep. We invented it. Through innovative technology and a personalized approach to learning, we’ll equip you with the test insights and advice you need to achieve your personal best. Results, guaranteed.*

*Higher Score Guarantee: Conditions and restrictions apply. For complete guarantee eligibility requirements, visit