How to Choose a Pre-Med Major

March 22, 2017
Emily Hause

Learn how to select a pre-med major.

Are you on track for fulfilling your target medical school’s admissions requirements?

A previous version of this article was written by Kevin Yang.

As a pre-med student, choosing a major may be one of the most important decisions you make. While there is no “pre-med” major per se, there are certain majors that lend themselves to helping you complete your prerequisite classes for medical school and prepare for the MCAT.

The freedom to choose your pre-med major means that some students will have already decided which field of study they want to pursue; others may take time to explore their undergraduate curricula before selecting a major.

How do admissions officials look at your pre-med major?

Of course, every medical school is different, and each admissions committee has specific selection criteria. However, it is generally recognized that your major itself does not play an enormous role in influencing the admissions decision.

That doesn’t mean that the major you choose isn’t important. It simply means that admissions committees will not heavily value one field of study over another. While many of us might recognize that some majors may be more difficult or require more work than others—and admissions committees do know this—keep in mind that, when it comes to medical school admissions, you should not expect to be compensated for a lower GPA simply because you pursue a “tougher” pre-med major.

Is biology the best major for medical school?

It’s not surprising that most people who apply to medical school choose to major in biology; after all, biology is the basis for physiology and other medical principles. However, there are a significant number of people entering medical school who majored in engineering, other natural sciences such as physics or chemistry, and even the humanities.

Pre-med students often ask if majoring in biology will help them do better on the MCAT. Keep in mind that biology is only one of the integrated subjects tested on the MCAT, and that any given passage might test your knowledge of how multiple subject areas relate to one another. That means you’ll also need a solid foundation in organic chemistry, biochemistry, general chemistry, physics, psychology, sociology, and critical analysis and reasoning skills. In fact, according to the AAMC, applicants who majored in biology don’t seem to have any admissions advantage over people from other pre-med majors who have a solid GPA or MCAT scores.

The takeaway here is that your MCAT score and GPA have more to do with your medical school admissions prospects than your major, so don’t feel compelled to make biology your pre-med major if you have other desires. College is a good time to explore your interests. When else can you take a class on Latin American poetry? Plus, gaining more varied exposure to different disciplines could prove beneficial on Test Day and as a future physician.

Can I choose a non-science major?

Choosing a non-science pre-med major may be the right path for you, and there are a few things for which you should prepare. Familiarize yourself with the basic prerequisite classes for medical school. It’s good practice to research each of the schools you’re interested in attending, as schools vary and many ask for additional prerequisite classes, such as sociology, biochemistry, and anatomy/physiology. You can research MD programs in the AAMC’s Medical School Admissions Requirements (MSAR) and DO programs in the AACOM’s Osteopathic Medical College Information Book (CIB). Additionally, it’s important to consult with your pre-med advisor to create a class schedule, decide when to take the MCAT, and map your application timeline.

If you choose a major in a non-science field of study, you may need to make extra room in your schedule or take your medical school prerequisites during J term or summer terms. While it’s possible to test out of required classes via AP or IB exams, do your research to find out if medical schools will accept these credits as valid. Some students choose to take prerequisite classes at a community college, which may be cheaper and offer more flexible schedules. Again, you want to make sure that your prospective medical schools honor these credits.

That being said, don’t feel that you will be at a disadvantage to your science major counterparts in medical school if you choose to pursue a pre-med major outside the natural sciences. While there are areas in which you will definitely need a strong background (biochemistry, anatomy, physiology), most information in medical school will be new, putting everyone on a level playing field.

What’s the next step on your path to becoming a doctor? Grab our free Countdown to Medical School Checklist to find out.

Emily Hause Emily has been a teacher for Kaplan for over eight years; she's taught MCAT, ACT, SAT, SAT2 and tutored pretty much every subject under the sun in both the classroom and live online (aka Classroom Anywhere) settings. She's also worked for Kaplan in content development and teacher mentorship roles. Emily is currently a fourth-year medical student at the University of Colorado and is hoping to go into Pediatrics. She's involved in many campus opportunities such as being a Prospective Student Representative, admissions committee member, CU-UNITE member, and co-president of the Education and Teaching Interest Group. Prior to medical school, Emily got a BA in Biochemistry and Spanish from Lawrence University and a Masters in Public Health- Epidemiology from the University of Minnesota. In her free time, Emily enjoys dancing, baking, playing tennis and exploring her new Colorado home.

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