LSAT® Section: Logical Reasoning
The best way to understand what is on the LSAT is to break it down by section. The LSAT Logical Reasoning section tests prospective law students’ ability to analyze and evaluate arguments.
Logical Reasoning requires you to read short passages and answer a question about each one. As outlined in the Law School Admissions Council’s description of what is on the LSAT, these sections test skills such as: drawing well-supported conclusions, identifying flaws in arguments, and reasoning by analogy.
By the test maker’s design, it's not enough to sense whether an argument is strong or weak; you'll need to understand precisely why it is so. This involves an even more fundamental skill—one that's called on by nearly every Logical Reasoning question: the ability to isolate and identify the various components of a given argument. This is where the concepts of conclusion, evidence, assumption and inference come into play.
LSAT Logical Reasoning Breakdown
- Time: Two 35-minute sections
- Format: 24-26 questions each
- Tests: Analyzing and Evaluating Arguments
The Logical Reasoning skill set is vital to your success as a law student and future lawyer—that LSAT Logical Reasoning sections account for nearly half your score on the LSAT.
Practically speaking, that translates to 70 minutes of the total LSAT exam (maybe 105 if Logical Reasoning if your experimental section, as well). It makes up two of the four scored LSAT sections (with Logic Games and Reading Comprehension). You can test yourself with practice Logical Reasoning questions here.
How to Prepare for LSAT Logical Reasoning
There are some specific actions you can take to better prepare yourself for LSAT Logical Reasoning. When you’re both prepping for and taking the test, read the question stem first to understand the type of question and what you're being asked to do, then read the argument stimulus carefully and fully understand the relevant parts before moving on to the multiple choice answers.
When deciding on answer, while choices may look similar, the test will give you only one option that answers the question properly. Others will be wrong for one of a number of reasons—outside the scope of the argument, extreme language, improper flaw, etc. Keep in mind, the wrong answer choices have also been carefully constructed to be incorrect. There's no "close" answer choice.
As stated by the Law School Admissions Council, the questions on LSAT sections do not have “tricks or hidden meanings”; therefore, the answers should be able to be found completely within the context of the passage in the Logical Reasoning sections.
On the LSAT sections, in law school, and throughout your legal career, you will need the ability to see and understand complex reasoning. Being able to identify issues that are relevant to an argument, and how evidence can affect a case, is paramount to being a successful lawyer.