Once you’re familiar with the behavioral sciences that will be tested on the MCAT, try out this MCAT behavioral sciences practice test!
A: Somatosensation refers to the various modalities of touch: pressure, vibration, temperature, and pain. Kinesthetic sense, choice (B), refers to the ability to tell where one’s body is in space. Vestibular sense, choice (C), refers to the detection of linear and rotational acceleration in the middle ear. Finally, chemoreception, choice (D), refers to sensing chemicals in the environment.
C: In a fixed-interval schedule, the desired behavior is rewarded the first time it is exhibited after the fixed interval has elapsed. Both fixed-interval and fixed-ratio schedules tend to show this phenomenon: almost no response immediately after the reward is given, but the behavior increases as the rat gets close to receiving the reward.
A: Approach–approach conflict is one in which both results are good outcomes. While one must be chosen, neither choice results in a negative outcome: for example, choosing between two desserts. Avoidance–escape conflict, choice (D), is not a recognized form of conflict; these two terms are related to types of negative reinforcers.
A: The symptoms listed indicate a major depressive episode. However, depressive episodes can be a part of bipolar dis-orders, which also contain manic episodes. Thus, if manic episodes have not yet been asked about, one cannot choose depression or bipolar disorder as the correct diagnosis yet.
C: SYMLOG is a method for analyzing group dynamics and considers groups along three dimensions: dominant vs. submissive, friendliness vs. unfriendliness, and instrumentally controlled vs. emotionally expressive.