Applying to Grad School can be stressful and time consuming. If you do not plan ahead enough, you may miss critical deadlines, not give recommenders enough notice, or not turn in the best application possible. We’ll answer some common questions that applicants have and give you a general timeline of what the application process looks like.
Applying to Graduate Schools: Quality or Quantity?
These days, as candidates consider their strategies for the next graduate school admissions cycle, many have a logical question in mind: How many graduate schools should I apply to?
The answer, of course, varies considerably from applicant to applicant, but the golden rule is that you should only apply to a graduate program if you have enough time to make your application the best it can be.
In other words, if you have time to “perfect” only three applications, then you should focus on applying to just three schools—and not consider submitting five “average” applications. Know your limitations.
In terms of a target number—assuming that time is not a factor and you can commit yourself to all of your applications—five or six is generally optimal. With five or six applications, you can apply to a mix of reach, competitive, and safe schools and can thereby truly cover your bases.
Each applicant has his or her own risk profile and timing to consider, but for most candidates, applying to too few schools can increase the risk of not being admitted, and applying to too many can be overkill.
The key to getting your application past the gatekeepers of graduate admissions at one of your target programs is to strike a balance between quality and quantity. Identify which applications will demand more of your time and budget accordingly, but don’t let an inferior prospect detract from your priority applications.
Your Grad School Application Checklist
It’s never too early to start putting together your grad school application. While you’re gathering your materials, it’s a good time to take stock of your progress and determine your next steps. Where are you in the process now? Where would you like to be next week, next month? We’ve put together some tips to get you going.
Before you apply to grad school
Start at the beginning with the bigger questions before focusing on specifics like taking the GRE and writing your personal essay.
- Determined your grad school application timeline?
- Selected the programs and school you’re targeting?
- Figured out how you’ll finance your graduate degree?
- Prepared for the GRE by taking the Kaplan 20-Minute Workout?
- Taken a free Kaplan GRE practice test?
- Taken the GRE and secured the score you need?
- Started your application essays?
- Submitted your applications?
If you checked off all of these things, congratulations! You’re well on your way to applying to graduate school!
If you need some help getting organized, however, we’ve put together a schedule for you to follow. Here you’ll find some tips on how to pace yourself through the process so nothing sneaks up on you before you submit those final forms!
6+ months before applying
- Determine what you want to study and for how long you want to go to graduate school
- Understand the differences between master’s, professional and doctoral programs
- Get a sense of your career options and earning potential with a specific graduate degree
- Register for FAFSA and start looking into scholarship and grant applications
- Start to create a long list of disciplines and programs that interest you; use program websites to help you get started, request brochures and attend live or virtual open house events for programs that interest you
- Look into the credentials of those admitted to determine if you are a competitive candidate
- Think about geographic preferences
- More considerations: curriculum, competitiveness, cost, reputation, public vs private school, research/internship opportunities
- Talk to friends and family for their perspective; speak with current students or alumni of programs you are interested in wherever possible
- Hone your list of schools/programs
3-6 months before applying
- Decide when you want to take the GRE
- Allow yourself 3 months prior to your test date to prepare for the GRE
- Take a free, realistic, full-length practice test with Kaplan
- Enroll in a Kaplan GRE course for a higher GRE score
At least 3 months before applications are due
- Create a schedule of deadlines, including application deadlines, financial aid deadlines and test registration dates
- Think about appropriate people to write recommendations and contact each with the deadline for submitting references
- Begin crafting your personal statement
- Complete and submit your online applications
- Follow the application directions explicitly, and have someone familiar with you (and the application process) review your application before submitting